In this modern age, carpentry has evolved into woodworking and wood finishing. The tools of the woodworker and wood finisher have changed to meet the needs of these new trades. However, some tools have remained the same and are essential for any woodworker or wood finisher. Wood finishing can be a delicate process, but with the right tools, it can be much easier. In this article, we will discuss eight of these essential wood-finishing tools.

1. Orbital sander

An orbital sander is a power tool that is used to smooth wood surfaces by sanding them. It consists of a base, an orbital motion platform, and a sanding pad. The orbital motion platform vibrates the sanding pad in a circular pattern, while the base moves the sander in a back-and-forth motion. This combination of movements gives the orbital sander its name.

2. Sandpaper – grits from 80 to 220

Sandpaper is a paper that is covered with abrasive material. The abrasive material is usually made of sand, but it can also be made of other materials such as aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, or diamond. Sandpaper is used to smooth wood surfaces by sanding them. The grit of the sandpaper is determined by the size of the abrasive particles. The larger the particle, the coarser the grit. Coarse grits are used for rough sanding, while fine grits are used for smooth sanding.

3. Stain – wood conditioner, wood stain, sealer

Stain is a liquid that is used to color wood. It is available in a variety of colors, but it is most commonly used to create a dark color. Stain is applied to wood with a brush or rag, and it is allowed to soak into the wood for a period of time before it is wiped off. The longer the stain is allowed to soak, the darker the color will be.

4. Paintbrush or foam brush

A paintbrush or foam brush is used to apply stain to the wood. A paintbrush has bristles that are made of natural or synthetic materials. A foam brush has a foam pad that is used to apply the stain.

5. Rags

Rags are pieces of cloth that are used to wipe off the excess stain from wood. Rags can be made of any type of material, but they are most commonly made of cotton.

6. Safety gear – dust mask, goggles, gloves

Safety gear is essential when working with wood finishing products. A dust mask should be worn to avoid inhaling wood dust. Goggles should be worn to protect the eyes from wood dust and chemicals. Gloves should be worn to protect the hands from wood dust and chemicals.

7. Handsaw

A handsaw is a tool that is used to cut wood. It consists of a blade that is mounted in a frame. The blade is held in place by a handle. The handsaw is operated by holding it in one hand and using the other hand to push and pull the blade through the wood.

8. Cleaning agents like methylated spirits and turpentine

Cleaning agents are used to clean wood surfaces before finishing them. Methylated spirits and turpentine are two of the most commonly used cleaning agents. Methylated spirit is a type of alcohol that is used to clean wood surfaces. Turpentine is a type of oil that is used to clean wood surfaces.


These are eight essential wood finishing tools. With these tools, you will be able to finish your woodworking projects with ease.